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They also had the knowledge of proto-dentistry and the touchstone technique of gold testing. 10. Historical evidences and excavations by archaeologists ascertain the dominance of India in the field of science and technology. The Indus Valley Civilization was a cultural and political entity which flourished in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent between c. 7000 - c. 600 BCE. Indus Valley Achievements They were among the first to develop a system of uniform weights and measures. Areas of the Indus Valley Civilization in both now-Pakistan and Western India have had rulers of ivory uncovered from ruins. The oldest and the most precise ancient ruler was developed in the Indus Valley Civilization. They made their living area and housing in a well-structured manner. The people of Indus valley invented an instrument for measuring the horizon and the tidal dock. One of the rulers that was found was calibrated at about 1/16 of an inch. It was first found on the pottery excavated at Harappa, one of the greatest cities of Indus Valley Civilization. They were also made of ivory which the peopleo of the indus valley used since 1500 B.C. Inventions For Agriculture T he Plow (Plough) Inventors of the plowing system; In Mesopotamia (Iraq) and Indus Valley (Pakistan-India) man first harnessed the Ox and so the plow. The Indus Valley Civilization discovered the Indus Script between the years 3500 – 2700 B.C.E. People from Indus valley are believed to be the first to invent a system of weights and measures. The Indus Valley held cities and towns that shared unique building strategies throughout their survival in history. Their smallest division was 1.704 mm. The people of Harappa evolved new techniques in metallurgy and produced copper, bronze, lead and tin. Cotton Gin is a machine used to separate cotton from the seeds. The cities of Mohenjo – Daro and Harappa had very advanced sense of … The bricks they used had a ratio of 4:2:1. 10. Tese kinds of rulers were clearly very prominent, as even bricks of the valley’s buildings were found to follow the same measurements. They have achieved many notable advancements during the 3300 to 1300 BC when their civilization flourished. Buttons and button-like objects used as ornaments or seals rather than fasteners have been discovered in the Indus Valley Civilization during its Kot Yaman phase (c. 2800–2600 BCE) as well as Bronze Age sites in China (c. 2000–1500 BCE), and Ancient Rome. The numerous inventions of the Indus River Valley Civilization include an instrument used for measuring whole sections of the horizon and the tidal dock. Some of the inventions even date back to as early as the Indus Valley Civilization. The Indus Valley Civilization is famous for its inventions and discoveries such as stepwell, button, measuring weights, and rulers. The people of the civilisation were extremely intelligent and advanced for their time, learning quickly the uses of different building materials and tools, and the best structural layouts for the towns. Developed by the Indus Valley Civilization Unicorn seal of Indus Valley, Indian Museum Source: Wikimedia Common. City-Planning. Transportation and trade were major goals of these people. This was the first civilization to incorporate urban sanitation systems. One such specimen was even calibrated to 1/16 of an inch—less than 2 millimeters. While the rest of the world was still in the pre historic age and living in the nomadic culture, India boasts to have the most advanced civilizations of the world. It was first known as the measuring rod and was made out of a copper-alloy bar. Ancient Indian Achievements – Indus Valley Civilization. Decimals were used for all purposes. 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