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1 Unlike many religious organizations that clearly and candidly stake out their positions on illegal immigration, however, the LDS Church officially takes no position on this highly divisive issue. You can also suggest a primary source set topic or view resources for National History Day. Pre-1820 Approximately 650,000 individuals of all nationalities arrived in America before 1820. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as the LDS or Mormon Church) regards Christ as head of the church and considers members to be Christians. Learn more ›. Mormon Migration. In July 1847, Young’s initial expedition arrived at the Great Salt Lake Valley, a territory that had just been acquired for the United States during the Mexican-American War. The immigrants were from the British, Scandinavian, Swedish, and Netherlands Missions. Mormons, who called themselves “Saints” or “Latter-day Saints” (LDS), established successive religious communities in frontier Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois in the 1830s and 1840s; each time they were forcibly driven out and dispossessed of their property because of their religious beliefs and practices. Young decided to migrate to the Great Salt Lake, just south of the Oregon Trail. An excerpt from a report from Illinois Governor Thomas Ford reporting on “Mormon difficulties,” December 1846. During the rest of the 19th century, the Mormon migration into Salt Lake continues at the rate of several thousand new arrivals per year. Mormon Migration, Brigham Young University. He sent a ‘Pioneer Band’ of 150 men and 70 wagons to be the first to travel to the Great Salt Lake. A new picture of Mormon migration in Nebraska is emerging, showing that state to have been much more widely traveled by Mormons than has heretofore been recognized. The period of overland emigration of the Mormon pioneers is generally defined as 1847 through 1868. Type of Migration The Mormon settlement in the 1800s was an internal migration in the U.S.A. Although Young hoped to begin the migration in spring 1846, local hostility forced the Mormons' … Mormon Migration by Sail and Rail, 1856–1857 FRED E. WOODS IN THE SPRING OF 1855, an article in the Mormons’ British periodical, The Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star, instructed church members to leave “Babylon” just as ancient Israel had left Egypt under Moses’ leadership.1 For European converts, the The Mormon Migration 1846-47 The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. The faith became popularly known as “Mormonism,” and its people “Mormons,” after the publication of a new book of scripture, The Book of Mormon. On March 1, 1846, some 500 Mormon wagons lurched northwesterly across the winter-bare Iowa prairie toward the Missouri River. It is useful to compare this migration to that of the Donner Party in order to understand what made a successful migration. THE TIDE OF MORMON MIGRATION FLOWING THROUGH THE PORT OF LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND Fred E. Woods The year 2007 marked the 800 th anniversary of the city of Liv- erpool.1 Although the city’s inhabitants were certainly aware of this monumental year of celebration, the vast majority were probably una-ware that a chapter of Liverpool’s history was created by nearly 90,000 They also constructed crossings over rivers and planted crops. This meant there were no splits like there were in the Donner Party. Their leader assassinated and their homes under attack, the Mormons of Nauvoo, Illinois, begin a long westward migration that eventually brings them to the valley of the Great Salt Lake in Utah. The Mormon Migration website is devoted to the gathering, distribution and interpretation of global migration records and history related to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, more commonly known as the LDS Church or the Mormon Church. A trail roadometer designed and used by William Clayton, 1847. THE TIDE OF MORMON MIGRATION FLOWING THROUGH THE PORT OF LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND Fred E. Woods The year 2007 marked the 800 th anniversary of the city of Liv- erpool.1 Although the city’s inhabitants were certainly aware of this monumental year of celebration, the vast majority were probably una-ware that a chapter of Liverpool’s history was created by nearly 90,000 The Mormon handcart pioneers were participants in the migration of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) to Salt Lake City, Utah, who used handcarts to transport their belongings. Explore resources and ideas for Using DPLA's Primary Source Sets in your classroom. “Mormon Immigration Index Released,” Ensign, Oct. 2000, 78 The Family and Church History Department recently released the Mormon Immigration Index on CD-ROM. There are two excellent resources that discuss the Mormon migration by sea. Print. STUDY. Index of pioneer immigrants with image links to journals, autobiographies, letters, and other narratives. Westward Migration: The Mormon pioneers and the settlement of Utah (1846–1857) The Mormons scatter throughout Iowa and the surrounding territory, though most follow Brigham Young and the Quorum of the Twelve, who lead them to Winter Quarters in Nebraska. The sources in this set help place the Mormon migration in geographic, political, religious, and cultural contexts, including other westward movement motivated by Manifest Destiny. A plan of Winter Quarters, Nebraska, during the winter of 1846 to 1847. Boston Spa, Upon arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, the Mormons publicly announced the practice of plural marriage, which Smith had instituted in secret some years earlier. Over the next decade, tens of thousands followed the Mormon trail to Utah in search of a new “Zion”—a holy community where they could worship without persecution. She had come to the Kanesville area in 1851; she left the area in 1852 as the bride of a Mormon emigrant. Today, many youth and leaders in the Church repeat these stories as they pull handcarts and reenact experiences of the early pioneers. PLAY. A paisley shawl brought by Eliza Kittleman from Philadelphia to Utah on the Ship. Begun during an era of intense religious revival in America, the Church boldly claimed to restore rather than reform traditional Christianity. A Mormon Bride in the Great Migration “Among the nearly 10,000 people who came to Utah in 1852, thereby carving for themselves a singular niche in the history of the American West was my great-great grandmother Olive Harriet Otto Terry. 214 High Street, Young insisted on strict discipline. Mormons Immigration to USA & Canada. An illustration showing a view of the Utah Valley in 1850. To completely destroy or get rid of. Mormon Migration in the 1800s The important thing about the Mormon migration is that they were in search of religious freedom. Boston House, The Mormon handcart pioneers were participants in the migration of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to Salt Lake City, Utah, who used two-wheeled handcarts to transport their belongings. A person who is first to enter or settle a region. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as the LDS or Mormon Church) regards Christ as head of the church and considers members to be Christians. An example of one such program was the Mormon Diaries project. The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. An 1846 map by Augustus Mitchell “of Texas, Oregon and California, with regions adjoining.”. The Mormon Handcart Migration traces each stage of the journey, from the transatlantic voyage of newly converted church members to the gathering of the faithful in the eastern Nebraska encampment known as Winter Quarters. The movement began in 1856 and continued until 1860. Young planned for regular rests to ensure travellers and cattle did not become exhausted. Sophie holds a degree in History and works as a History teacher in Bradford. These sets were created and reviewed by the teachers on the DPLA's Education Advisory Committee. Mormons begin exodus to Utah Their leader assassinated and their homes under attack, the Mormons of Nauvoo, Illinois, begin a long westward migration that … They were literally driven out of their own country, since Utah was then still part of Mexico. Geographic mobility had been a necessity for members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints almost since the Church’s founding in 1830. National History Day. Students learn the teachings of the Mormons and how isolationist the movement became in the face of so much hostility and persecution. Persecute. To harass or treat with hostility persistently. To harass or treat with hostility persistently. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. Mormon Migration Geographic mobility had been a necessity for members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints almost since the Church’s founding in 1830. An excerpt from the trail diary of Mormon pioneer William Snow, 1850. The trouble of proving themselves worthy to the world and finding safety was hard. Afterward, they came by railroad, continuing the resettlement until 1890. Communal. Contains a history of each Mormon emigrant ship. A photograph of the transcontinental railroad at Promontory Point, Utah, May 10, 1869. Each year during the Mormon migration, people continued to be organized into "companies", each company bearing the name of its leader and subdivided into groups of 10 and 50. history of Mormon migration when the boiler on the steamboat Saluda exploded, killing more than two dozen Mormon converts.9 British artist Frederick Piercy, who sketched segments of the Latter-day Saint journey from Liverpool to Salt Lake, noted, “At St. Louis I learned that the Emigrants to G.S.L. Description. With assistance from the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, the Historical Records Survey, as well as the WPA , Juanita Brooks supervised a project to collect and transcribe the diaries, journals, and biographical sketches for over 400 Latter-day Saint pioneers. A printed page showing the Deseret Alphabet, around 1850. One of the end products associated with this project is a comprehensive map of Mormon Trails across Iowa with selected points of interest (Figure 4). Exterminate. About 90,000 Latter-day Saint converts crossed the oceans during the 19th century, heeding a call to come to Zion. Shared by all members of community. PLAY. Reach the audience you really want to apply for your teaching vacancy by posting directly to our website and related social media audiences. We have information, that from one thousand to fifteen hundred Mormons are encamped at Montrose, Iowa, preparatory to their march westward. Mormon Migration Geographic mobility had been a necessity for members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints almost since the Church’s founding in 1830. He believed the Mormons would be safe here as it was isolated and technically part of Mexico, not the United States. Recorded sites include visible trail ruts (Figure 3), dugouts, camps, and buildings associated with the migration. To give feedback, contact us at education@dp.la. An excerpt from William Clayton’s booklet, “The Latter-day Saints’ Emigrants’ Guide,” 1848. Begin your research by brainstorming keywords - the words and phrases you’ll use to search for books, articles, websites, government documents, and other resources. Exterminate. With good nature and strength they overcame obstacles to become a religion with over 12 million followers. To completely destroy or get rid of. Images of the materials are found on the Brigham Young University website at mormonmigration.lib.byu.edu. Ongoing migration 1859 map of route from Sioux City, Iowa, through Nebraska, to gold fields of Wyoming, following old Mormon trails. Index of pioneer immigrants with image links to journals, autobiographies, letters, and other narratives. Mormon emigration stories have been shared over and over through the decades. West Yorkshire, Someone who is killed for his/her beliefs. One of the Donner Party’s major problems was that their oxen became too exhausted to continue the journey. Mormon History. Pioneer. Daily Missouri Republican – February 19, 1846. Their route is the Mormon Trail. Someone who is killed for his/her beliefs. Western Mormon Migration - 1846/1847. Smaller numbers of German, Irish, Scotch-Irish, Dutch, French, Spanish, African, and other nationalities also arrived. Fax: +44 01937 842110, We’re proud to sponsor TABS Cricket Club, Harrogate Town AFC and the Wetherby Junior Cricket League as part of our commitment to invest in the local community, Company Reg no: 04489574 | VAT reg no 816865400, © Copyright 2018 |Privacy & cookies|Terms of use, AQA GCSE: America 1840-1895: Expansion and Consolidation, Edexcel GCSE: The American West c1835-c1895, GCSE: Early Elizabethan England (1558-88) - Timeline of Key Events, Weimar & Nazi Germany (1918-39) - Timeline of Key Events, Hitler & The Nazi Party - The Lean ("Wilderness") Years from 1924-1928, Culture and Architecture in the Weimar Republic (1924-29), Weimar and Nazi Germany (1918-39) - Exam Buster Revision Guide for Edexcel GCSE (9-1) History, Assessment Mats for Weimar and Nazi Germany | Edexcel GCSE History, Advertise your teaching jobs with tutor2u, Young carefully planned the logistics, ensuring there was enough supplies to last the journey, Young consulted with trail guides to find the quickest and safest routes. Shared by all members of community. They journeyed by ox-drawn wagon or—less commonly—by handcarts until the era of transcontinental railroad travel began in 1869. Their task was to find the best trail, and clear it for use. The reenactments provide just … The Saints by Sea website offers inspiring accounts of their journeys. Pioneer. Most were English and Welsh. Remote learning solution for Lockdown 2021: Ready-to-use tutor2u Online Courses The Mormon Handcart Migration A pilgrimage 160 years later inspires travelers on the Latter-day Saints trail to Utah. An 1897 map of the route of the Mormon pioneers from Nauvoo to Salt Lake. Most inspiring and heartbreaking episodes in U.S and Mormon History shared over and over through the decades resettlement 1890! Splits like there were no splits like there were no splits like there were no like... And magnitude of the early pioneers named the collective the Camp of.. The face of so much hostility and persecution Conway B. 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