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The 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tōhoku was a magnitude 9.0–9.1 (M w ) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011, with the epicentre approximately 70 km east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately 29 km.wikipedia https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_Tōhoku_earthquake_and_tsunami This is the deadliest tsunami (Nearly two years later, on December 7, 2012, a magnitude-7.3 tremor originated from the same plate boundary region. Days before, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake with 6.0 magnitude The March 11 temblor was felt as far away as Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia; Kao-hsiung, Taiwan; and Beijing, China. "2011 Miyagi earthquake" redirects here. A part of the subduction zone measuring approximately 190 miles (300 km) long by 95 miles (150 km) wide lurched as much as 164 feet (50 metres) to the east-southeast and thrust upward about 33 feet (10 metres). The sounds are real seismic data taken from 8 seismometers on a great circle around the globe, and sped up into the sonic range. 3. It was measured at 8.4 on the JMA seismic intensity scale The earthquake happened 130 kilometres (81 mi) off Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture, on the east coast of the Tōhoku of Japan, on March 11, 2011 at 05:46:23 UTC.It was at a depth of 24.4 km (15.2 miles). The epicenter was detected 64 miles off of the Sendai coast and was estimated to be only 18.6 miles below the surface. It was preceded by several foreshocks, including a magnitude-7.2 event centred approximately 25 miles (40 km) away from the epicentre of the main quake. Several hours later 9-foot (2.7-metre) tsunami waves struck the coasts of California and Oregon in North America. The damages from the earthquake was dramatic. It was later reported that a satellite orbiting at the outer edge of Earth’s atmosphere that day had detected infrasonics (very low-frequency sound waves) from the quake. Japan's 2011 earthquake struck close to the Japan Trench off the coast of Tōhoku at magnitude 9 on March 11. The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake off the coast of Japan created a tidal wave 40m high and shifted the entire main island of Honshu east by 2.4m. The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami was a 9.0-magnitude earthquake followed by tsunami waves. 4. The megathrust earthquake involved the Juan de Fuca Plate from mid-Vancouver Island, south along the Pacific Northwest coast as far as northern California.The length of the fault rupture was about 1,000 kilometers (620 miles), with an average slip … The sudden horizontal and vertical thrusting of the Pacific Plate, which has been slowly advancing under the Eurasian Plate near Japan, displaced the water above and spawned a series of highly destructive tsunami waves. The 2010 magnitude-8.8 Chile earthquake shortened the day by about 1.26 µs and shifted earth’s figure axis by about 8 cm. Japan earthquake and tsunami of 2011, also called Great Sendai Earthquake or Great Tōhoku Earthquake, severe natural disaster that occurred in northeastern Japan on March 11, 2011. Map prepared by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration depicting the tsunami wave height model for the Pacific Ocean following the March 11, 2011, earthquake off Sendai, Japan. Map of the northern part of Japan's main island of Honshu depicting the intensity of shaking caused by the earthquake of March 11, 2011. Earthquake and Tsunami near Sendai, Japan. (5.2 MB PDF) Downloads. deaths... more, Tohoku earthquake and tsunami data available from NOAA/NGDC (2011), Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk, Vol. More than 127,000 buildings collapsed and almost 16,000 people died. In addition to Sendai, other communities hard-hit by the tsunami included Kamaishi and Miyako in Iwate; Ishinomaki, Kesennuma, and Shiogama in Miyagi; and Kitaibaraki and Hitachinaka in Ibaraki. (The early estimate of magnitude 8.9 was later revised upward.) More than 127,000 buildings collapsed and almost 16,000 people died. Aftershocks continued, many exceeding magnitude-7.0. The earthquake shifted Earth on its axis of rotation by redistributing mass, like putting a dent in a spinning top. The epicenter was detected 64 miles off of the Sendai coast and was estimated to be only 18.6 miles below the surface. 2011 Tōhoku Earthquake and Tsunami In 2011 Japan experienced an earthquake of the magnitude 9.1 which was the most powerful earthquake to ever hit the nation and the world’s fourth most powerful ever recorded in history. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Sendai was the nearest major ci… The 9.1 magnitude (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake occurred on 11 March 2011 at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) in the north-western Pacific Ocean at a relatively shallow depth of 32 km (20 mi), with its epicenter approximately 72 km (45 mi) east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku, Japan, lasting approximately six minutes. The earthquake lasted for only 6 minutes killing 15,891 people. https://www.britannica.com/event/Japan-earthquake-and-tsunami-of-2011, LiveScience - Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of 2011: Facts and Information, National Geographic - Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami, NOAA National Center for Environmental Information - Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan earthquake and tsunami of 2011 - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 1. The first two sequences are filtered to emphasize surface waves and the second two filtered to emphasize body waves. The earthquake triggered powerful tsunami waves that reached heights of up to 40.5m in Miyako in Tōhoku's Iwate Prefecture, and traveled up to 10km inland. Photo Credit: Tōhoku Tourism Promotion Organization. With a magnitude of 9.1 making it the most powerful recorded earthquake to ever hit Japan. John Rafferty, associate editor of Earth sciences at Encyclopædia Britannica, discussing tsunamis. A wave measuring some 33 feet high inundated the coast and flooded parts of the city of Sendai, including its airport and the surrounding countryside. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Image of the Day Land Water Human Presence Earthquakes It does not provide information on the height nor the strength This movie shows the seismic wave field in the Earth for two hours after the Tohoku Magnitude 9.0 earthquake on March 11, 2011. If the initial estimate is confirmed, it will be the fifth largest earthquake in recorded history. 2 (4), p. 305-323, DOI:10.1080/19475705.2011.632443 (Paula Dunbar, Heather McCullough, George Mungov, Jesse Varner, and Kelly Stroker), Majority of the deaths and missing are within the Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima prefectures, Tohoku earthquake and tsunami data available from NOAA/NGDC, IOC/UNESCO Bulletin on Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami Deaths, International Tsunami Information Center, Tohoku Tsunami, PMEL National Center for Tsunami Research, Tohoku Tsunami. The earthquake caused a tsunami with waves that exceeded over 120 feet in height which in turn caused nuclear accidents at the Fukushima nuclear power plant. This is the most devastating earthquake to occur in Japan since the 1995 Kobe earthquake caused over 5,500 deaths and Here’s a look at the earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan in March of 2011.. March 11, 2011 - At 2:46 p.m., a 9.1 magnitude earthquake takes place 231 … Tsunami source and water heights over a tsunami travel time (TTT) map (data current as of 10/10/2011). The seismic events shown took place on that same day, between 01h41 and 23h59 (GMT). It is the most powerful earthquake ever recorded in … The March 11, 2011, earthquake was the strongest to strike the region since the beginning of record keeping in the late 19th century, and it is considered one of the most powerful earthquakes ever recorded. Fore and aftershocks - Scientists estimate that over 800 earthquakes of magnitude 4.5 or more were recorded following the main earthquake. A magnitude-9.0 earthquake struck off Japan’s northeastern coast. Earthquake and Tsunami near Sendai, Japan. How it Began. According … … Updates? More than 5,000 aftershocks hit Japan in the year after the earthquake, the largest a magnitude 7.9. On March 11, 2011, a magnitude 8.9 earthquake struck off the east coast of Honshu, Japan, about 130 kilometers (80 miles) east of Sendai. I would suggest adding a section on earthquake magnitude at Fukishima, which was apparently 6.8 and i woud add a section on damage at Fukishima 2 Daiini which went unstable but is back in control now.-- Patbahn 00:12, 19 March 2011 (UTC) Transport - Kesennuma Line. As part of his master's program,... Aerial view of damage to a portion of the northeastern coast of Honshu, Japan, following the offshore earthquake and resultant tsunami there on March 11, 2011. The tsunami also instigated a major nuclear accident at a power station along the coast. The earthquake was caused by the rupture of a stretch of the subduction zone associated with the Japan Trench, which separates the Eurasian Plate from the subducting Pacific Plate. The 11 March 2011 magnitude-9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake off the eastern coast of Japan was one of the largest recorded earthquakes in history. This movie shows the seismic wave field in the Earth for two hours after the Tohoku Magnitude 9.0 earthquake on March 11, 2011. The event began with a powerful earthquake off the northeastern coast of Honshu, Japan’s main island, which caused widespread damage on land and initiated a series of large tsunami waves that devastated many coastal areas of the country, most notably in the Tōhoku region (northeastern Honshu). Contact Your Close Friends and Loved Ones THE 2011 JAPAN TSUNAMI The 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tōhoku was a magnitude 9.0–9.1 (M w) undersea megathrust off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011, with the epicentre approximately 70 kilometres (43 mi) east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth … in the world and the largest in Japan since instrumental recordings began in 1900. The earthquake was so strong that it shifted Earth on its axis. since the 2004 magnitude 9.1 Sumatra earthquake and tsunami caused nearly 230,000 deaths and $10 billion in damage. This is the fourth largest earthquake 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami The 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tōhoku (東北地方太平洋沖地震, Tōhoku-chihō Taiheiyō Oki Jishin ) was a magnitude 9.0–9.1 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC ) … The quake caused no injuries and little damage.) The magnitude-9.0 earthquake struck at 2:46 pm. of the wave, only the arrival times, The 11 March 2011, magnitude 9.0 Honshu, Japan earthquake (38.322 N, 142.369 E, depth 32 km) generated a tsunami observed over the Pacific region and caused tremendous local devastation. This is because the magnitude of the earthquake was small, and the source area, which was estimated from the aftershock distribution and seismic waves, didn't cover the whole expected source region. The tsunami raced outward from the epicentre at speeds that approached about 500 miles (800 km) per hour. 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