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Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, January 2020'. Check how the new Brexit rules affect you. Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. EU immigration fell substantially after the 2016 Brexit referendum. For a discussion of this system, see our commentary, Q&A: The UK’s new points-based immigration system after Brexit. There were also increas… This means that the estimated 3.7 million EU citizens and their family members currently living in the UK will have to secure pre-settled or settled status if they would like to continue to stay in the country. This was the lowest estimate for EU net immigration since 2012 and … Added 'Immigration statistics, January to March 2015' and 'Immigration statistics, January to March 2015: data tables', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide', 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline', 'Monthly asylum application tables' and 'Children entering detention under Immigration Act powers'. Jonathan Portes / Apr 2017 . Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending June 2018', 'Immigration statistics, year ending June 2018: data tables', 'Third report on statistics being collected under the exit checks programme' and 'Home Office statistics on exit checks: user guide', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide', 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline' and 'Developments in migration statistics since 2010'. E: robert.mcneil@compas.ox.ac.uk. EU citizens also have low naturalisation rates compared to non-EU citizens. The majority (64%) of the increase in the latest year was driven by Skilled (Tier 2) work visas, which increased by 12% to 111,035. Because the estimated emigration of EU citizens also increased, EU net migration fell more sharply – by 77% to 50,000 in 2019 (for more detailed data, see the Migration Observatory briefing, Net migration to the UK). Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. News » Migrants » Per Capita Crime Statistics: Immigration and Crime in the UK. var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1601562226306'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.minWidth='200px';vizElement.style.maxWidth='2560px';vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='727px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='671px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='677px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); In 2019, an estimated 1,662,000 or 47% of the EU born were from EU-14 countries (Figure 4). This is similar to the number of EU-born migrants, despite some EU migrants to the UK having naturalised as UK citizens. Dr Carlos Vargas-Silva How many EU migrants are there in the UK? However, for several nationalities there have been more applicants to the EUSS than the upper limit of ONS’s population estimate (Figure 3). The percentage of employed workers was slightly higher among workers born in EU-8 and EU-2 countries (84%) than among the EU-14-born (82%) (Figure 7). The number of people migrating to the UK has been greater than the number emigrating since 1994. There were 74,000 more EU citizens who came to the UK than people leaving for other EU countries. The level of migration from the EU to the UK has been underestimated by the Office for National Statistics from the mid-2000s to 2016. As of 30 June 2020, the number of non-Irish EU-citizen applicants to the EU Settlement Scheme was 3.5m, which is more than the 3.4m non-Irish EU citizens that ONS estimated to be resident in the UK in 2019 (Office for National Statistics, 2020). University of Oxford, Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending September 2018' and 'Immigration statistics, year ending September 2018: data tables', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide'. Oxford, OX2 6QS, EU settled status applicants exceed official tally, Methods used to revise the national population estimates for mid-2002 to mid-2010, Note on the difference between National Insurance number registrations and the estimate of long-term international migration: 2016, Understanding different migration data sources: August 2019 progress report, Population of the UK by country of birth and nationality, January 2019 to December 2019. If you would like to make a press enquiry, please contact: + 44 (0)7500 970081 robert.mcneil@compas.ox.ac.uk, T: +44 (0)1865 274 701 Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending March 2018' and 'Immigration statistics, year ending March 2018: data tables'. Added 'Immigration statistics, July to September 2013' and 'Tables for 'Immigration statistics, July to September 2013''. The Tier 2 category accounts for 59% of work-related visas granted. Earlier this year, the government unveiled its Immigration Bill, which revealed what migrants must do to qualify for UK entry after 1 January 2021. The downward trend in EU immigration is a recent phenomenon. In 2019, 48% of EU nationals in the UK said they migrated to the country for work-related reasons. Added 'July 2014 Monthly asylum application' tables and 'August 2014 Children entering detention under Immigration Act powers' table. The main reason for this is that many children born in the UK to EU citizen parents are themselves EU citizens. Updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide', 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline' and 'Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: user guide'. EU vs non-EU migration statistics. Added 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2014' and 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2014: data tables', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide', 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline', 'Monthly asylum application tables' and 'Children entering detention under Immigration Act powers'. 2.4 million immigrants entered the EU-27 from non-EU-27 countries in 2018. 58 Banbury Road, In that case, we assume that the differences we observe in the data are likely to exist in the population. This is because migrants who acquire UK citizenship are excluded from data on the non-UK citizen population, and rates of naturalisation vary significantly depending on migrants’ country of origin. 1. Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending December 2019', 'Immigration statistics, year ending December 2019: data tables' and 'Grenfell immigration policy statistics', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide'. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, May 2020'. Since 1945, immigration to the United Kingdom under British nationality law has been significant, in particular from the Republic of Ireland and from the former British Empire especially India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Caribbean, South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya and Hong Kong. This is particularly the case for immigration, in the UK and elsewhere in Europe. In 2019, around 8% of all workers in the UK were born in an EU country. This right will end in the UK at 11pm on 31 December 2020. The EU-born made up 5.5% of the total UK population of 66 million in 2019, while non-EU born people made up 8.9% (Office for National Statistics, 2020). Added 'Immigration statistics, April to June 2016', 'Immigration statistics, April to June 2016: data tables' and 'A report on the statistics being collected under the exit checks programme', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline'. Immigration to the UK … This series brings together documents relating to migration statistics. Some people are excluded, such as residents of communal establishments like hostels, and other groups may be undercounted due to survey non-response. Moreover, data on non-UK citizens also include many UK-born children of migrants who have themselves never migrated. We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. The Office for National Statistics admits it underestimated long-term EU immigration between 2009 and 2016 by almost a quarter of a million. Meanwhile the number of EU citizens emigrating has increased from an estimated 95,000 in the year before the referendum to 145,000 now. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1601562310199'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.minWidth='200px';vizElement.style.maxWidth='2560px';vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='727px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='671px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='577px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); Compared to non-EU citizens, EU citizens are more likely to come to the UK for work. 26 November 2020. Long-term arrivals of EU citizens planning to spend at least 12 months in the UK fell by 34% over the same period, reaching 198,000 in 2019. EU net migration to UK at lowest level for 16 years after plummeting since Brexit vote. Figure 1: Non-EU net migration since 1991 (ONS). For more information about the EU Settlement Scheme, see the Migration Observatory report, Unsettled Status – 2020: Which EU Citizens are at Risk of Failing to Secure their Rights after Brexit? Europe also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the region. With the United Kingdom’s scheduled March 2019 departure from the European Union around the corner and approval of an exit deal by the UK Parliament in deep disarray, the future for approximately 5 million EU nationals living in the United Kingdom and Britons resident in the EU-27 remained unresolved. The EU-born thus made up 38% of the migrant population in 2019, up from 29% in 2000. var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1601562158717'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.minWidth='200px';vizElement.style.maxWidth='2560px';vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='727px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='671px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='577px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); In 2019, an estimated 3,715,000 EU citizens were living in the UK, including children born in the UK (Figure 2). This is likely to lead to substantial changes in official migration data between now and 2023. European Union immigration statistics for 2005 was 36,780,404.00, a 24.25% increase from 2000. Statistics on migration and border control from Home Office administrative systems (the Office for National Statistics also publishes statistics on migration at United Kingdom Population). Added ‘Immigration statistics, October to December 2016’ and ‘Immigration statistics, October to December 2016: data tables’, updated ‘Home Office immigration statistics: user guide’. There were 189,459 work-related visas granted in the year ending September 2019, 11% higher than the previous year, and the highest level since the year ending March 2008, around the time when a new immigration system (also known as ‘the points-based system’ (PBS)) was first introduced. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, April 2019'. It cautions that this estimate may still change as it continues to investigate the figures. Added ‘Migrant journey: sixth report’, ’Migrant journey: sixth report: data tables’ and updated ‘User Guide to the Home Office Migrant Journey’. Added "EU Settlement Scheme statistics, June 2019". You’ve accepted all cookies. Peter William Walsh. We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. A person who applies for a NINo may already have been living in the UK for some time. This follows a gradual increase in immigration of non-EU citizens over the past five years for both work and study, particularly from India and China. These recent revisions affected estimates of immigration from EU-8 countries, and other EU immigration has not yet been revised and so may not be directly comparable. For further information email migration statistics. Migration to the UK from outside the European Union hit record levels last year, according to official figures. 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