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According to the Handbook of Texas Online: “The execution of James W. Fannin, Jr.’s, command in the Goliad Massacre was not without precedent, however, and Mexican president and general Antonio López de Santa Anna, who ultimately ordered the exterminations, was operating within Mexican law.”, And: “The impact of the Goliad Massacre was crucial. The prisoners were marched back to Goliad where they were held for a week. Santa Anna's orders were followed. There were somewhere between three and four hundred of them, which included all of the men captured under Fannin as well as some others that had been taken previously. Spohn was retained a prisoner with the Copano detachment, under Major Miller, Captain Israel, and Mr. Burton, who had been sent with their companies to Goliad. Battle of Goliad. Texas State Library and Archives CommissionThe Goliad Massacre occurred on March 27, 1836. Had Fannin’s and Miller’s men been dumped on the wharves at New Orleans penniless, homesick, humiliated, and distressed, and each with his separate tale of Texas mismanagement and incompetence, Texas prestige in the United States would most likely have fallen, along with sources of help. On Palm Sunday, the 27th of March, the prisoners were divided … Santa Anna's orders were followed. More than 400 men were executed that day at Goliad. When Mexico transitioned to a centralized government in 1835, supporters of federalism took up arms. General Urrea departed Goliad, leaving command to Colonel José Nicolás de la Portilla. A young German by the name of Hermann Ehrenberg was in the Texas army and was one of the few that escaped the Goliad massacre. Today marks the 182nd anniversary of the mass execution of 342 Texan revolutionary army prisoners at Goliad. Santa Anna replied by ordering immediate execution of the prisoners, in two separate letters on consecutive days. It is undisputed that eighty or so US volunteers under the command of William Miller (the "Nashville Batallion"), who were surprised and captured unarmed at Copano Bay on March 22, 1836 and imprisoned with Fannin's men, were spared. PRESIDENT TRUMP PREPARING TO SEND HIGH-RANKING U.S. CITIZENS TO DETENTION CAMP: Originally intended to be an “island outside the law” where terrorism suspects could be detained without process and interrogated without restraint, the prison and military commissions at Guantánamo Bay are catastrophic failures. Mexican forces under General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna continued to sweep across Texas toward Fort Defiance, the presidio in Goliad that had been seized by the rebels in October 1835 at the onset of the war for independence. Sir: An 1847 article, during the American-Mexican War can hardly be realiable primary data, because it is tainted. would be treated as pirates and executed, Santa Anna sent orders to execute the Goliad prisoners. March 27, 1836 during the Texas Revolution, the Goliad massacre happened.. On March 25, about 80 Texan prisoners from the battle of Refugio joined the prisoners in Goliad. On March 27, 1836, the prisoners were divided into three groups and marched to separate locations outside the community. The Texans surrendered their arms and the uninjured and slightly wounded were marched back to Goliad and imprisoned in the chapel of the Presidio La Bahia. Mexican troops under the command of General José de Urrea defeated rebellious immigrants to the Mexican province of Texas, known as Texians, in a series of clashes in February and March. Browse previous blog posts by month and year of entry. The prisoners were quartered at the Presidio La Bahia near Goliad. Subsequently, on orders from President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, they were brutally slaughtered on Palm Sunday, March 27, 1836. Texas State Library and Archives Commission, Live updates from your Congressional delegation. In 1936, money was raised to build a pink granite monument in celebration of the Texas Centennial. About one half to three-quarters of a mile from La Bahia, the Mexican soldiers halted, turned on the prisoners, and fired upon them at close range. Do you know someone incarcerated at Goliad County Jail? Urrea wrote in his diary that he "...wished to elude these orders as far as possible without compromising my personal responsibility." Almost all of the men in Fannin's command were US citizens captured under arms on Mexican territory, following a pitched battle with Mexican government forces, at a time when the US was not at war with Mexico. Being unarmed, they did not fall under the literal terms of the decree, and the Mexican officers took great pains to follow the law to the letter--also sparing the physicians in Fannin's command who were presumed non-combatants. In April, 1885, a memorial was erected in the City of Goliad. Mexican Pres. Under a decree passed by the Mexican Congress on December 30 of the previous year, armed foreigners taken in combat were to be treated as pirates and executed. Urrea … Had this not been a legal execution, and instead a bloodthisty "massacre", these individuals would not have been segregated and allowed to live. Portilla decided that he had to obey Santa Anna’s orders. Knowing the prisoners' probable fate, General Urrea departed Goliad, leaving command to Colonel Jose Nicolas de la Portilla, and later writing to Santa Anna to ask for clemency for the Texians. After the Battle of Moscow and the retreat of the German forces the number of prisoners in the Soviet prisoner of war camps rose to 120,000 by early 1942. In Guadalupe Victoria, Urrea wrote a letter to Santa Anna recommending clemency for the prisoners. The first declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas was signed here on December 20, 1835. 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