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blankets, guns, anti all the small articles. During the 1860s and 1870s, droughts, failed bison hunts, and an incessant Sioux threat brought the Ponca to the brink of starvation. The Ponca Nation has lived on the reservation near Ponca City, Oklahoma since the federal government moved the tribe from Nebraska in the 1870s. A great hubbub immediately arose; the three others all springing forward, angry and perplexed, claiming his promises made to them. Please note […] The first encounters with Europeans were with fur traders. This article contains interesting facts, pictures and information about the life of the Ponca Native American Indian Tribe of the Great Plains. most of the buildings, carrying them half a mile inland to be sure of safety. Evidently a very small part of the $20,000 had been spent as yet. Ponca - Kids - Cool, Fun Facts - Clothes - Clothing - Dresses - Headdresses - Ponca Timeline - Homes - Lives - Weapons - Legends - Ponca Food - Location - History - Legends - Kids - Info - Information - Famous - Kids - Children - Warriors - Chiefs - Ponca Timeline - Teaching resource - Social Studies - Lifestyle - Culture - Teachers - Facts - Ponca - Kids - Ponca Timeline - Interesting Facts - Info - Information - Pictures - Reference - Guide - Studies - Ponca Timeline - Homework - History Timeline - Ponca FactsPonca - Kids - Cool, Fun Facts - Clothes - Clothing - Dresses - Headdresses - Ponca Timeline - Homes - Lives - Weapons - Legends - Ponca Food - Location - History - Legends - Kids - Info - Information - Famous - Kids - Children - Warriors - Chiefs - Ponca Timeline - Teaching resource - Social Studies - Lifestyle - Culture - Teachers - Facts - Ponca - Kids - Ponca Timeline - Interesting Facts - Info - Information - Pictures - Reference - Guide - Studies - Timeline - Homework - History Timeline - Ponca Facts. All this while they see herds of cattle driven across their reservation to feed Then, figures taken in 1937 showed a total population of Ponca was 1,222, divided as 825 Southern Ponca in Oklahoma and 397 Northern Ponca in Nebraska. Exactly when the Eastern Shawnee Tribe became formally organized is unclear (happening sometime after May, 1937). Mr. Catlin says that he visited the bridal wigwam soon afterward, and saw the "four modest little wives seated around the fire, seeming to The soldiers then took possession of the six ponies and all the articles at the The Department earnestly recommends an appropriation of $25,000 to put it in operation again. After they had gone a few miles they topped and built a fire to parch some corn to eat. The horses were delivered, and Hongs-kay-de, leading two brides in each hand, walked off with great dignity to his wigwam. 1801: A devastating smallpox epidemic decimates the Ponca people, 1802: They number of Ponca had declined to just 200 people due to disease and inter-tribal warfare, 1804: Jean Pierre Chouteau was appointed as the US Indian agent, 1804: The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804 - 1806) first encountered the Ponca on 5th September 1804, 1817: The First treaty with the U.S. government followed by further treaties in 1825, 1858, 1865, 1825: The Second treaty with the U.S. government, 1832: The artist George Catlin visits the Ponca tribe, 1837: Second great Smallpox epidemic kills many Native American Indians, 1858: The Ponca signed a third treaty with the U.S. government giving up all of their land except for the land around the Niobrara River in Nebraska, 1868: The Fort Laramie Treaty in which the US mistakenly gives the Ponca land to the Sioux. The exchange of lush, green woodlands for the dry, unwanted land of Indian Territory came with plot-twists. be otherwise procured, the Ponca are willing and anxious to transfer their old reservation to the Government for a moderate extension of these important and indispensable benefits." As soon as the Indians saw them coming they fled. The governor also says that in the past year the Ponca have paid out of their annuity money for all the improvements which had been made on lands occupied by certain white settlers, who were ejected from their new reservation by the terms of the last treaty. In the report for 1869 we read that the Ponca school has been "discontinued for want of funds." The now Governor of Dakota seconds the recommendation, and regrets to say that, "for the enlightenment of the 35,000 Indians embraced in the Dakota Superintendency, there is not one school in operation. comprised all the improvements." Of the prettiest one -"Mong-shong-shaw" (the Bending Willow) he took a portrait, and a very sweet-faced young woman she is too, wrapped in a beautifully ornamented fur robe, much handsomer and more graceful than the fur-lined circulars worn by civilized women. faces-their enemies from the east-with whiskey and small-pox, which already had destroyed four-fifths of his tribe, and would soon impoverish and at last destroy the remainder of them.' with every evidence of advancement in the primary department of an English education. By working night and day for two weeks the Indians saved Where did the Ponca tribe live?The Ponca are people of the Woodlands and later the Great Plains Native American cultural group. Like many other Plains Indians, they resided in semipermanent agricultural villages and lived in … But this year was not to close without a disaster. The Ponca TribeSummary and Definition: The Ponca people were originally a small woodlands tribe of farmers who lived in Longhouse villages inhabiting areas in present-day Ohio. The Culture Department aims to restore and preserve traditions, culture, customs, language, genealogy, and history of the Ponca Tribe of Nebraska. Located on lands assigned to the Ponca Indians as a reservation after their removal from Nebraska in 1877, the park is a roughly triangular area of 26 acres lying just north of the Ponca Indian community of White Eagle in Kay County, Oklahoma. The Ponca Tribe signed several treaties with the federal government from 1817 to 1865. At that time, they were situated along Ponca Creek, in Knox County, near present-day Verdel. The many different tribes of the Great Plains developed sign language in order to communicate with each other and the sign to indicate a Ponca indicated this custom. The Ponca tribe separated from the Omaha tribe in the early 18th century as they were migrating west from the Great Lakes region. What weapons did the Ponca use?The weapons used included bows and arrows, lances, stone ball clubs, hatchet axes, spears, and knives. The Tribe has office sites located in five of these counties. 20 White Eagle Drive Ponca City, OK 74601 (580) 762-8104 Monday - Friday 8:00am - 5:00pm I trust that, as google_color_border = "FFFFFF"; We succeeded in carrying from the riverbank to near half a mile inland the whole of the agency buildings, mechanics' houses, stabling, and sheds more than twenty houses nearly every panel of fencing. The U.S. government terminated the tribe in … Pictures and Videos of Native American Indians and their TribesThe Ponca Tribe was one of the most famous tribes of Native American Indians. extinction of his tribe, which he had not the power to avert: Poor, noble chief; who was equal to and worthy of a greater empire! There was some correspondence between the military authorities relative to it, but with no result; and in the report of the next year the Indian Commissioner says: "Attention was called last year to the fact that the murderers of several of this loyal and friendly tribe had not been discovered and punished. horses." Nevertheless they are not discouraged, knowing that but for the drought they would have had ample food from their farms, and they make no attempts to retaliation the Sioux for raiding off their horses and stock, because they hope "that the Government will keep its faith with them," and that suitable remuneration for these losses will be made them, according to the treaty stipulations. The artist Catlin, who visited them a few years later, rated them a Thucydides said: " They are not the first breakers of a league who, being deserted, seek for aid to others, but they that perform not by their deeds what they have promised to do upon their oaths." In the summer of 1869 they built for themselves sixteen very comfortable log-houses; in the summer of 1870 they built forty-four more; with their annuity money they bought cook-stoves, cows, and useful implements of labor. Their numbers are estimated by Lewis and Clarke as being only about two They also built earth lodges, similar to … google_ad_height = 90; The Governor of Dakota, in 1868, evidently thinks so too, for he writes to the Department, in the autumn of 1868: " A school has been in successful operation at this agency (the Ponca) for the past nine months, with an average attendance of about fifty scholars, and 1875: Chief Standing Bear and some members of the tribe accompanied by Indian agents visit Oklahoma, but find the land inhabitable. "Relying on the ratification of their treaty, and the adoption of timely measures to carry out its provisions in their favor, the Ponca proceeded in good faith to comply with its stipulations by abandoning their settlements and hunting-grounds, and withdrawing to the small tract reserved for their future home. The effects of this process were detrimental. They worked most assiduously in putting in their crops, but lost them all by drought, and are in real danger of starvation if the Government does not assist them. ", In 1865 a supplementary treaty was made with the Ponca, extending their reservation down the Niobrara to the Missouri River; and the Government agreed to pay them $15,000, for the purpose of indemnifying them for the loss they had sustained in this outrage and in others. Here the soldiers came on them again. camp, and left. The encroachment of the lands resulted in the Ponca being forcibly moved to a reservation in Oklahoma and the tragic story of Chief Standing Bear. google_ad_type = "text_image"; benefits and acts of kindness as may be convenient, and seem just and proper to the President of the United States." We succeeded in carrying from the riverbank to near half a mile inland the whole of the agency buildings, mechanics' houses, stabling, and sheds more than twenty houses nearly every panel of fencing. They worked most assiduously in putting in their crops, but lost them all by drought, and are in real danger of starvation if the Government does not assist them. The Ponca worked well and long, often through the night; and the fact that the disaster did not cost us ten dollars It was simply a treaty of peace and friendship. It was painted in 1832 by the famous artist George Catlin (1796-1872). The Indians, alarmed, pulled up their lodge, and escaped to a copse of willows near by. In the mean time those who were here subsisted mainly on wild-cherries and plums and the wild-turnip, and traded away most of their blankets and annuity goods for provisions." In the 1870s, the Ponca tribe, an offshoot of the Omaha, was forced to walk from its homeland in northern Nebraska to Oklahoma. In 1803 Captain Lewis and Lieutenant Clarke, of the First United States Infantry, were commissioned by Congress to explore the river Missouri from its mouth to its source, to " seek the best water communication from thence to the Pacific Ocean," and to enter into conference with all the Indian tribes on their route, with a view to the establishment of commerce with them. They cut the lodge covers to pieces, burnt the saddles and blankets, cut open sacks of beans, corn, and dried pumpkin, and strewed their contents on the ground, and went away, taking with them a skin lodge-covering, beaver-skins, buffalo-robes, About thirty years later, the tribe sold its homeland to the United States, retaining a 58,000-acre reservation between Ponca Creek and the Niobrara River. materials that may imply negative stereotypes reflecting the culture or Being the chief's son, and having just been presented by his father with a handsome wigwam and nine horses, he had no difficulty whatever in ingratiating himself with the fathers of marriageable daughters, and had, with ingenious slyness, offered himself to and constantly surrounded by a hungry crowd begging for food. They commenced to return in the latter part of July. The site of their village became the bed of the main channel of the river; their cornfields were ruined, and the lands for miles in every direction washed and torn up by; the floods. I am warned by military authority to keep the Ponca within the limits of the reservation; but this is an impossibility. may use the information provided here freely for personal use only. The outrage was promptly reported to the Department, and the general commanding the Nebraska District detailed an officer to examine into it. and to build mills, mechanics' shops, etc. When the tribe migrated to the Great Plains they adopted the Tepee as a convenient, temporary shelter for summer hunting trips. of actual loss is to be attributed to their labor, continuous and per- severing-working sometimes over the swiftly-flowing waters, terrible and turbid, on the edge of time newly-formed current but a few inches below them, and into which a fall would have been certain death, even for an Indian." google_alternate_ad_url = "http://www.nanations.com/google.htm"; He did not find an Indian on the reservation. The soldiers immediately turned on them, dismounted, and, making up 'to them, deliberately shot them dead as they huddled helplessly together-three women and a little girl! Mr. Catlin says that he visited the bridal wigwam soon afterward, and saw the "four modest little wives seated around the fire, seeming to Free US Indian Census Rolls Online 1885-1940 – While not searchable, the 692 rolls of the National Archives Publication M595 are now online for free. Two years later the agent newly appointed to take charge of the Ponca reports to the Department the amount of improvements made on the reservation: "One saw and grist-mill; two agency houses-story and a half houses-without inside lining or plastering, 16 by 26 and 18 by 32 feet in size; six small round log-houses (three with a small shed for a stable), a light log-corral for cattle, and a canvas shed for storing under; and about sixty acres of ground, broken, The Plains Ponca tribe inhabited South Dakota and Nebraska, Land: Grass covered prairies with streams and rivers, Climate: The climate was hot summers and cold winters, Animals: The  animals included the Bison (Buffalo), deer, cougars, elk, bear, beaver, porcupine, antelope, prairie dogs, eagles and wolves, Crops: The crops grown in the area were corn, beans, sunflower seeds and squash, Fish: Various fish including sturgeon, crayfish and mussels. In Nebraska, PTN offices are established in Niobrara, Norfolk, Lincoln, and Omaha. The Ponca through all these troubles remained loyal and peaceable, and were "unwavering in their fidelity to their treaty," says the Indian Commissioner. On reaching the river he dived into the water through a hole in the ice; as often as he lifted his head they fired at him. In 1858 and 1865 the Ponca also signed land cession treaties in return for military protection and economic assistance. women and a child at the camp. Like numerous other tribes in Nebraska, they were forced to witness the shrinking of their homelands until most were moved to the Indian Territory in the present day state of Oklahoma. The outrage was promptly reported to the Department, and the general commanding the Nebraska District detailed an officer to examine into it. The artist Catlin, who visited them a few years later, rated them a Being without a crop to rely upon, and having been unsuccessful in their usual summer hunt, they were reduced to a state of desperation and destitution. For the ratification of this treaty also they waited two years; and in 1867 the Superintendent of the Dakota Territory says: "Schools would have been in operation at the Ponca Agency before this google_color_bg = "FFFFFF"; Their original homelands were in Ohio where they lived in small longhouse villages and raised crops of maize, beans and squash. In the night a party of soldiers from a military post on the Niobrara River came to their camp, and began to insult the squaws, "offering money with one hand, and It was simply a treaty of peace and friendship. This complete change of habitat led their adoption of the nomadic lifestyle of the Plains Indians. They also admit "the right of the United States to regulate all trade and intercourse with them." google_color_url = "006666"; be otherwise procured, the Ponca are willing and anxious to transfer their old reservation to the Government for a moderate extension of these important and indispensable benefits.". blankets, guns, anti all the small articles. plan on publishing your personal information to the web please give proper "They started on their summer hunt toward the last of May, immediately after the first hoeing of their corn. There was nothing more to be said. A few years later the tribe is reckoned at four hundred: in a census of the Indian tribes, taken by General Porter in 1829, they are set down at six hundred. It was with the greatest difficulty that the agent induced them to return; and after they did so, they huddled their tents close about the agency buildings, and could not be induced One of the murdered women, the mother of this boy, had three balls in her head and cheek, her throat cut, and her head half-severed by a saber-thrust; another, the youngest woman, had her cloth skirt taken off They commenced to return in the latter part of July. ", In 1863 the reports are still more pitiful. Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma is one of two federally recognized tribes of the Ponca people. whole families to live for days together on nothing but half-dried corn-stalks, and this when there were cattle and sheep in their sight.". Effective Monday, March 16th, the Ponca Tribe of Nebraska has instituted a travel ban for all employees and tribal officials. From fear of the Sioux (who in 1860 had stolen from them more than half the horses they owned) they had moved down the Niobrara River, some twenty miles nearer the Missouri. comprised all the improvements.". During the 1860s and 1870s, droughts, failed bison hunts, and an incessant Sioux threat brought the Ponca to the brink of starvation. What clothes did the Ponca men wear?The men of the tribe included buckskin tunics and leggings or breechcloths in the warmer weather. The Ponca Tribe — forced in the 1870s by the U.S. government to leave its homeland along the Missouri River in Nebraska River — has no reservation. Even the wild-plums, which grow on bushes down in ravines and gullies, are withered and dried on the limbs. of Iowa, for the purpose of extinguishing their title to all the lands occupied and claimed by them, except small portions on which to colonize and domesticate them. Warm buffalo robes or cloaks  were also worn to protect against the rain and the cold. Treaties in 1858 and 1865 ceded lands. The Indians' ponies were hid in the willows. In 1856 the agent of the Upper Platte mentions incidentally that their lands were being fast intruded upon by squatters; What food did the Ponca tribe eat?The food that the Ponca tribe ate included ate included fish and meat. Some of them went to visit the Omaha, others the Pawnees, where The Ponca through all these troubles remained loyal and peaceable, and were "unwavering in their fidelity to their treaty," says the Indian Commissioner. My name is Nadia Lynn Kent. In 1825 another was made, in which the Ponca admit that "they reside their within the territorial and limits claim of the United States, acknowledge their supremacy, and claim their protection." By it the Ponca ceded and relinquished to the United States all the lands they had ever owned or claimed, "wherever situate," except a small tract between the Ponca and Niobrara One of the boys, a youth, ran for the river, pursued by the soldiers. They went away with very high hopes, and reasonably so, of a large crop, but returned to see it all withered and dried up. In 1870 an appropriation of $5,000 was made by the Department from a general educational fund, for the purpose of resuming this school. On April 29, the Ponca Tribe of Nebraska will head south on a 273-mile remembrance walk beginning in Niobrara, Nebraska, and culminating 12 days later in the small village of Barneston. compelled to abandon the chase. The webpages may be linked to but shall not be The triumphant young Turk exclaimed, "You have all now acknowledged your engagements to me, and must fulfill them. After this there is little mention, in the official records of the Government, of the Ponca for some thirty years. One hundred young trees which had been set outbox-elder, soft maple, and others-withered and died. They also admit "the right of the United States to regulate all trade and intercourse with them." ; to give $20,000 for the payment of the existing obligations of the tribe. He related to me with great coolness and frankness the poverty and distress of his nation-and with the method of a philosopher predicted the certain and rapid The building I occupy was At this time martial law was in force on many of the Indian reservations, owing to the presence of roving bands of hostile Sioux, driven from Minnesota after their outbreak there. After they went away he crawled out and escaped to the agency. Picture of the Ponca Native IndianThe above picture depicts the eighteen year son of a Ponca Native Indian called Hongs-kay-dee, meaning Great Chief who was the son of Chief Smoke. Evidently a very small part of the $20,000 had been spent as yet. The other is the Ponca Tribe of Nebraska. The squaws and children who were looking for beans were half a mile below; a little dog belonging to them barked and revealed their hiding-place in the willows. The men wore sandals or moccasins, a soft, light beige, slip-on shoe, consisting of a sole and sides made of one piece of leather. As soon as the Indians saw them coming they fled. In December of this year what the governmental reports call "a very unfortunate occurrence" took place in Nebraska. Spirit had given them for food, and which formerly spread all over their green prairies, had all been killed or driven out by the approach of white men, who wanted their skins; that their country was now entirely destitute of game, and even of roots for food, as it was one continuous prairie; and that his young men, penetrating the countries of their enemies for buffaloes, which they were obliged to do, were cut to pieces and destroyed in great numbers. I am warned by military authority to keep the Ponca within the limits of the reservation; but this is an impossibility. The Ponca Tribe — forced in the 1870s by the U.S. government to leave its homeland along the Missouri River in Nebraska River — has no reservation. The soldiers then took possession of the six ponies and all the articles at the The Indians' ponies were hid in the willows. The Ponca timeline explains what happened to the people of their tribe. people had foolishly become fond of fire-water, and had given away every- thing in their country for it; that it had destroyed many of his warriors, and would soon destroy the rest; that his tribe was too small and his warriors too few to go to war with the tribes around them; that they were met and killed by the Sioux on the north, by the Pawnee on the west, by the Osage and Konza on the south, and still more alarmed from the constant advance of the pale In one year after this disaster they had recovered themselves marvelously; built twenty new houses; owned over a hundred head of cattle and fifty wagons, and put three hundred acres of land under cultivation (about three acres to each male in the tribe). Their numbers are estimated by Lewis and Clarke as being only about two These items are presented as to go half a mile away unless accompanied by some of the white employees. The following Ponca history timeline details facts, dates and famous landmarks of the people. This superintendent, having been in office only one year, was probably not familiar with the provisions of the treaty of 1859 with the Ponca, in which, by Article three, the United States Government had promised "to establish and maintain for ten years, at an annual expense not to exceed $5,000, one or more manual labor schools for the education and training of the Ponca youth in letters, agriculture, mechanics, and housewifery." finally acted on by that body. By working night and day for two weeks the Indians saved 580.763.0135; gail.kent@ponca-nsn.gov; 198 White Eagle Dr, Ponca City, Ok. 74601 After they had gone a few miles they topped and built a fire to parch some corn to eat. The geography of the region in which they lived dictated the lifestyle and culture of the Ponca tribe. That his google_color_link = "704325"; At the time appointed he appeared, followed by sonic of his young friends leading eight horses. The men who did this deed belonged to Company B of the Seventh Iowa Cavalry. In 1803 Captain Lewis and Lieutenant Clarke, of the First United States Infantry, were commissioned by Congress to explore the river Missouri from its mouth to its source, to " seek the best water communication from thence to the Pacific Ocean," and to enter into conference with all the Indian tribes on their route, with a view to the establishment of commerce with them. The 1860s and 1870s were a difficult time for the Ponca tribe, as the buffalo were disappearing, droughts destroyed crops, and warfare with the Sioux combined to threaten the Ponca with starvation. There was some correspondence between the military authorities relative to it, but with no result; and in the report of the next year the Indian Commissioner says: "Attention was called last year to the fact that the murderers of several of this loyal and friendly tribe had not been discovered and punished. Named for the Ponca Indians, who laid claim to the land from the Aowa to the Niobrara River, this was the first settlement between Sioux City and Fort Randall. hundred, all told; but this small estimate is probably to be explained by the fact that at this time the tribe was away on its annual buffalo-hunt, and their village had been so long empty and quiet that a buffalo was found grazing there. In the summer of 1873 the Missouri River suddenly overflowed, washed away its banks hundreds of yards back, and entirely ruined the Ponca village. As the agent had no food to feed them with, and no money to buy any (spite of the appropriation of $20,000 for subsistence and house-building), he induced them to go off on a hunt; but in less than a month they came straggling back, "begging for provisions for their women and children, whom they had left on the plains half-starved, having been unable to find any game, or any food except wild-turnips. extinction of his tribe, which he had not the power to avert: Poor, noble chief; who was equal to and worthy of a greater empire! The Ponca (Páⁿka iyé: Páⁿka or Ppáⁿkka pronounced ) are a Midwestern Native American tribe of the Dhegihan branch of the Siouan language group. This document titled, “Constitution and Bylaws of the Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma” was registered with the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. ; to establish schools, In the night a party of soldiers from a military post on the Niobrara River came to their camp, and began to insult the squaws, "offering money with one hand, and When the tribe migrated to the Great Plains they adopted the tepee as a convenient, temporary shelter for summer hunting trips. They lived in earth lodges and were primarily horticulturists, but also made seasonal hunting trips. At first they were successful and found buffaloes; but afterward, the ground being occupied by the Yankton, who were sent south of the Niobrara by the general commanding the district, and who were about double the number, and with four times as many horses, they soon consumed what meat they had cured, and were Even the wild-plums, which grow on bushes down in ravines and gullies, are withered and dried on the limbs. with every evidence of advancement in the primary department of an English education. The pictures show the clothing, war paint, weapons and decorations of various Native Indian tribes, such as the Ponca tribe, that can be used as a really useful educational resource for kids and children of all ages. harmonize very well." The Sioux began driving the Ponca off their land, 1875: The government admits its mistake and suggests that the Ponca move to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. Casinos are located in Tulsa, Sand Springs, Bartlesville, Skiatook, Ponca City, Hominy and Pawhuska. ", Two years later the agent newly appointed to take charge of the Ponca reports to the Department the amount of improvements made on the reservation: "One saw and grist-mill; two agency houses-story and a half houses-without inside lining or plastering, 16 by 26 and 18 by 32 feet in size; six small round log-houses (three with a small shed for a stable), a light log-corral for cattle, and a canvas shed for storing under; and about sixty acres of ground, broken, The location of their corn this site includes some historical materials that imply! Longhouse villages and raised crops of maize, beans and squash a little less every year Ponca men?. Family, also known as the Lakota, encroached on their summer hunt the! The nomadic lifestyle of the most famous tribes of Native American cultural group ( Southern Poncas ) has 3,783 members. 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Dignity to his wigwam may use the information provided here freely for personal use only the report for 1869 read! Lifestyle and culture of the Seventh Iowa Cavalry, Ponca City, Hominy and Pawhuska be reproduced on another without. First hoeing of their corn in 1877 treaty obligations, the federal Government removed the Ponca tribe live in the... On as they were situated along Ponca Creek, in the official records of the Seventh Iowa.... The reservation ; but this is an impossibility discover the vast selection of pictures on the Niobrara on! Home to corporations, factories, and left now southwestern Minnesota and the Black Hills of South and..., temporary shelter ponca tribe in 1870s summer hunting trips Bear and some members of the Ponca also land! Official records of the Ponca 's are forced to walk 500 miles home recognized tribes of United! And 1865 the Ponca tribe live, what clothes did the Ponca to Indian came...

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