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And never mair from thee depart. Parts I and III are similarly scored for exuberant trumpets, while the Pastoral Part II (referring to the Shepherds) is, by contrast, scored for woodwind instruments and does not include an opening chorus. The words tell the story of the birth of Jesus. The music represents a particularly sophisticated expression of the parody technique, by which existing music is adapted to a new purpose. Bach abandoned his usual practice when writing church cantatas of basing the content upon the Gospel reading for that day in order to achieve a coherent narrative structure. Impachetare gratuita; Livrare gratuita la comenzi peste 59 de lei; Poti returna acest produs in 14 zile; Comenzi telefonice: 0725.982.036 The first English-language monography on the Christmas Oratorio was published in 2004. The two most popular vocal scores for Bach's Christmas Oratorio are shown below. The … As John Butt has mentioned,[72] this points, as in the Mass in B minor, to a unity beyond the performance constraints of the church year. Examples: for his 1973 recording, The different types of oboes referred to above are mostly called for at different points in each section. Bach: Christmas Oratorio Bach, Johann Sebastian (Composer), Gardiner, Sir John Eliot (Conductor), Monteverdi Choir (Orchestra), English Baroque Soloists (Orchestra), Argenta, Nancy (Performer), Otter, Anne Sofie von (Performer), Rolfe Johnson, Anthony (Performer), Blochwitz, Hans-Peter (Performer) & 5 more Format: Audio CD (Sound, you drums!) The first part (for Christmas Day) describes the Birth of Jesus, the second (for December 26) the annunciation to the shepherds, the third (for December 27) the adoration of the shepherds, the fourth (for New Year's Day) the circumcision and naming of Jesus, the fifth (for the first Sunday after New Year) the journey of the Magi, and the sixth (for Epiphany) the adoration of the Magi. The piece is often presented as a whole or split into two equal parts. Mastered from original tapes and pressed on 180g vinyl Includes artist photos and liner notes in English and German. The Christmas Oratorio (German: Weihnachts-Oratorium) is a musical composition written by Johann Sebastian Bach. The structure of the story is defined to a large extent by the particular requirements of the church calendar for Christmas 1734/35. The Christmas Oratorio is by far the longest and most complex work of the three.[1]. In addition to the new compositions listed above, special mention must go to the recitatives, which knit together the oratorio into a coherent whole. Before Bach wrote the Christmas Oratorio, he already wrote some cantatas for the Christmas season. The total running time for the entire work is nearly three hours. However, numbers 10, 12, 14, 17, 18, 19 and 21 in Part II call for 2 oboe d'amore and 2 oboe da caccia. J.S. The Christmas Oratorio (German: Weihnachts-Oratorium), BWV 248, is an oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for performance in church during the Christmas season. But the epitome of Christmas music is Bach’s Christmas Oratorio, which opens with a drum roll. Also 26 and 27 December (second and third day of Christmas) were commonly considered feast days, with festive music in church. And I sall rock thee in my hert, 巴赫康塔塔《尊主颂》指挥:哈农库特 勋伯格合唱团 - Magnificat BWV 243 - Nikolaus Harnoncourt J.S. was almost certainly intended to be set to the music of the chorus "Lust der Völker, Lust der Deinen" from BWV 213, given the close correspondence between the texts of the two pieces. Until 1999 the only complete English version of the Christmas Oratorio was that prepared in 1874 by John Troutbeck for the music publisher Novello. Stream songs including "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: I Chorus: "Jauchzet, frohlocket"", "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: II Evangelist: Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit"" and more. Parts I and III are written in the keys of D major, part II in its subdominant key G major. The continuo part is open to interpretation in matters of scoring. 39 in part IV. Stream songs including "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: No.1 Chorus: "Jauchzet, frohlocket"", "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: No.2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit"" and more. BACH - CHRISTMAS ORATORIO (BWV 248) IV - VI Sir John Eliot Gardiner conducts The Monteverdi Choir and English Baroque Soloists in a performance of Bach's Christmas Oratorio (IV-VI), a series of cantatas intended for performance on the major feast days of the Christmas period. [26] Bach reused the music of this cantata in the 1725 first version of his Easter Oratorio. Tönet, ihr Pauken! The Gospel text included by Bach in his six Christmas Oratorio cantatas consists of: The Gospel readings for the Third Day of Christmas (Prologue of the Gospel of John), and for the Sunday after New Year (the Flight to Egypt) are not directly used in the Christmas Oratorio. Some of the music is based from Bach's other works. The oratorio has 6 parts. It was written for the Christmas season of 1734 and incorporates music from earlier compositions, including three secular cantatas written during 1733 and 1734 and a largely lost church cantata, BWV 248a. It was preceded by Advent, and followed by the period of the Sundays after Epiphany. Following the huge success of 2015's Magnificat & Christmas Cantata, Dunedin Consort releases its eagerly awaited follow up, Bach's Christmas Oratorio. Find release reviews and credits for Bach: Christmas Oratorio - John Eliot Gardiner, English Baroque Soloists, Monteverdi Choir on AllMusic - To reinforce this connection, between the beginning and the end of the work, Bach re-uses the chorale melody of Part I's "Wie soll ich dich empfangen" in the final chorus of Part VI, "Nun seid ihr wohl gerochen"; this choral melody is the same as of "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden", which Bach used five times in his St Matthew Passion. Bach, Background note by Neil Jenkins on his translation of Bach's Christmas Oratorio, 1999, Bach Werke Verzeichnis: Kleine Ausgabe – Nach der von Wolfgang Schmieder vorgelegten 2. The scoring below[72] refers to parts, rather than necessarily to individual players. [36][37][38] In addition to these sources, the sixth cantata is based on a largely lost church cantata, BWV 248a, of which at least the opening chorus is based on the lost secular cantata BWV 1160. Chorales. J.S. Ach mein herzliebes Jesulein, Part II is written for the second day of Christmas (December 26). In some performances sung by the Angel (soprano). Part IV is written in F major (the relative key to D minor) and marks the furthest musical point away from the oratorio's opening key, scored for horns. 38 and 40 which frame the "Echo Aria" ("Flößt, mein Heiland"), no. Part IV is written for New Year's Day (January 1). Nevertheless, on two occasions Bach abandoned the original plan and was compelled to write new music for the Christmas Oratorio. Share on Facebook. 7, 9) Chorale Text: First Sunday after Christmas (31 December): First Sunday after Christmas (30 December 1725): The chorale melody used in No. Bach removed the content for the Third Day of Christmas (December 27), John's Gospel, and split the story of the two groups of visitors—Shepherds and Magi—into two. The instruments used in part II are 2 horns, 2 oboes, 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. 33 of the oratorio appears to be based on, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 22:47. The date is confirmed in Bach's autograph manuscript. [35][39] The trio aria in Part V "Ach, wenn wird die Zeit erscheinen?" [46], Martin Luther's 1539 "Vom Himmel hoch, da komm ich her" melody appears in three chorales: twice on a text by Paul Gerhardt in Part II of the oratorio, and the first time, in the closing chorale of Part I, with the 13th stanza of Luther's hymn as text. Listen to J. S. Bach: Christmas Oratorio by English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner on Apple Music. Ausgabe, "Ein weiterer Kantatenjahrgang Gottfried Heinrich Stölzels in Bachs Aufführungsrepertoire? The Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248, is an oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for performance in church during the Christmas season. By. Each part is performed for a certain day in the Christmas season. In particular, Bach made particularly effective use of recitative when combining it with chorales in no. (T) Evangelist And there were shepherds in that very region in the field nearby their sheepfolds, who kept their watch by night over their flocks. English Translation in Interlinear Format Cantata BWV 248/1 - Shout for joy, exult, rise up, glorify the day Christmas Oratorio I: Event: Cantata for Christmas Day Readings: Epistle: Titus 2: 11-14 / Isaiah 9: 2-7; Gospel: Luke 2: 1-14 Text: Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander); Paul Gerhardt (Mvt. Bach expresses the unity of the whole work within the music itself, in part through his use of key signatures. In detail: The oratorio was written for performance on six feast days of Christmas during the winter of 1734 and 1735. Markus Rathey's book is the first thorough study of this popular masterpiece in English. The ease with which the new text fits the existing music is one of the indications of how successful a parody the Christmas Oratorio is of its sources. In the liturgical calendar of the German reformation era in Saxony, the Christmas season started on 25 December (Christmas Day) and ended on 6 January (Epiphany). In his German-language church music, Bach uses Lutheran chorale melodies. Clocking in at well over three hours of music, Bach’s Christmas Oratorio is rarely heard in full in the UK. Bach then embarks upon a journey back to the opening key, via the dominant A major of Part V to the jubilant re-assertion of D major in the final part, lending an overall arc to the piece. The instruments used in part II are 2 oboes d'amore, 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. Some of the music is based from Bach's other works. [28] In 1728–29 Picander published a cantata libretto cycle, leading to at least two further Christmas season cantatas by Bach: A Christmas oratorio presented as a cycle of six cantatas, to be performed on several days during the Christmas period, was not uncommon in Bach's day: Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel, whose church music was not unknown to Bach and Leipzig churchgoers,[31] had composed such Christmas oratorios in 1719 and 1728.[32][33][34]. Karl Richter’s famous 1965 recording of Bach’s Christmas Oratorio with a quartet of stunning soloists 3 LP gatefold. In the Christmas Oratorio, Bach took virtually every solo from sacred music he had composed earlier and combined them with other choruses and instrumentals that were both new and old. 64, closing chorale of Part VI). The oratorio has 6 parts. It was written for the Christmas season of 1734 and incorporates music from earlier compositions, including three secular cantatas written during 1733 and 1734 and a largely lost church cantata, BWV 248a. Christmas message Christmas midnight mass christmas miracle Christmas money Christmas morning Christmas motif Christmas movie Christmas music Christmas night Christmas novel Christmas Oratorio Christmas package Christmas palm Coro: Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf preiset die Tage (D major) 2. That Bach saw the six parts as comprising a greater, unified whole is evident both from the surviving printed text and from the structure of the music itself. It tells the story of the birth of Jesus, based on the gospels of Matthew and Luke. Presented as an evening, all six cantatas, it is a challenging form. : Christmas Oratorio, St. Matthew Passion, St. John Passion, Mass in B minor by English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner on Apple Music. Bach's Christmas Oratorio was compiled for the Christmas church festival at Leipzig for the season of 1734-5. Sinfonia 2 (11). This page was last changed on 29 December 2020, at 11:00. 5); Martin Luther (Mvts. The date is confirmed in Bach's autograph manuscript. The words tell the story of the birth of Jesus. Listen to Bach, J.S. Each part is a cantata for 1 of 6 feast days within the 12 days of the Christmas season: The story begins with the birth of Jesus (for Christmas Day). Recit. In his German-language church music, Bach uses Lutheran chorale melodies. Like for his other oratorios, and his Passion settings, Bach employed a narrative based on the Gospel in his Christmas Oratorio. was the title of the cantata that paid homage to the Saxon Electress and Polish Queen Maria Josepha, the music of which Bach reworked to make one of the most successful pieces of Christmas music of all time. Most of this music was 'secular', that is written in praise of royalty or notable local figures, outside the tradition of performance within the church.[1]. [PDF] + Video - Choir and Orchestra - Baroque * License : Public Domain - 6 Parts/Days, 64 pieces : I. Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage (Cantata for Christmas Day) 1. The oratorio was written in 1734. The instruments used in part II are 2 flutes, 2 oboes d'amore, 2 oboes da caccia, 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. ‘There is no more life-giving, joy-enhancing experience in Bach’s music than a great performance of the Christmas Oratorio,’ writes the composer’s biographer Nicholas Kenyon. The same melody reappears in the last movement of the oratorio (No. It included at least three feast days that called for festive music during religious services: apart from Christmas (Nativity of Christ) and Epiphany (Visit of the Magi) the period also included New Year's Day (1 January), in Bach's time still often referred to as the Feast of the Circumcision of Christ. Markus Rathey, an associate professor at Yale University, recently published a 432-page book on one of Johann Sebastian Bach’s most famous pieces: the Christmas Oratorio. For the 1723–24 Christmas season, during his first year as musical director of Leipzig's principal churches: Christmas Day: repeat performance of BWV 63, For the 1724-25 Christmas season, as part of his. The instruments used in part I are 3 trumpets, timpani, 2 flutes, 2 oboes (each player also plays an oboe d'amore), 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. [71] A new edition has been worked up by Neil Jenkins. As can be seen below, the work was only performed in its entirety at the St. Nicholas Church. Each part is performed for a certain day in the Christmas season. » Im Forum nach Christmas Oratorio [J S Bach and gen ] fragen: Recent Searches. Jordan Smith-Sep 25, 2016. J.S. Tweet on Twitter. All three of these oratorios to some degree parody earlier compositions. ", Die Melodien der deutschen evangelischen Kirchenlieder, International Music Score Library Project, Masses, magnificat, passions and oratorios, List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christmas_Oratorio&oldid=991808485, Passions and oratorios by Johann Sebastian Bach, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles to be expanded from December 2019, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Schlafe, mein Liebster, und pflege der Ruh, Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage, Blühet, ihr Linden in Sachsen, wie Zedern, Pfui dich, wie fein zerbrichst du den Tempel, Du Falscher, suche nur den Herrn zu fällen, So geht! The third major new piece of writing (with the notable exception of the recitatives), the sublime pastoral Sinfonia which opens Part II, was composed from scratch for the new work. In Germany, Bach’s Christmas Oratorio is the seasonal equivalent to the English-speaking world’s Messiah. Bach composed the six-part “Christmas Oratorio” (“Weihnachts Oratorium”) in 1734 for two Leipzig churches, St. Thomas and St. Nicholas, for which he served as music director. The instruments used in part III are the same as part I. Every locale of even modest size produces it, the audience seems to be virtually humming along. It was written for the Christmas season of that year. Genug, mein Schatz geht nicht von hier, Und da die Engel von ihnen gen Himmel fuhren, 3 trumpets, timpani, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, strings (violin I, II, viola) and continuo (cello, violone, organ and bassoon), 3 trumpets, timpani, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, strings and continuo (cello, violone, organ and bassoon), 2 flutes, 2 oboe d'amore, 2 oboe da caccia, strings, continuo, Recitative (Evangelist, tenor; Angel, soprano), 2 oboe d'amore, 2 oboe da caccia, strings, continuo, 2 oboe d'amore, 2 oboe da caccia, continuo, Trumpet I, II, III, timpani, flute I, II, oboe I, II, strings, continuo, Flute I, II, oboe d'amore I, II, strings, continuo, Flute I, II, oboe I, II, strings, continuo, Horns I, II, oboe I, II, strings, continuo, Oboe d'amore I solo, organ senza continuo, Trumpet I, II, III, timpani, oboe I, II, strings, continuo, BWV 248a (lost church cantata); Words: Georg Werner, 1648, Before his Leipzig period he composed, as part of. The Christmas Oratorio (German: Weihnachtsoratorium) BWV 248, is an oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for performance during the Christmas season. Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part Four - For New Year's Day - No.38 Rezitativ (Baß): "Immanuel, o süßes Wort" Arioso (Chor-Sopran, Baß): "Jesu, du mein liebstes Leben"-"Komm ich will dich mit Lust umfassen" von Nancy Argenta & Olaf Bär & English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner Bach (1685-1750) created his Christmas Oratorio during 1734 for performance in church over the ensuing Christmas period. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christmas_Oratorio&oldid=7232722, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The work belongs to a group of three oratorios written in 1734 and 1735 for major feasts, the other two works being the Ascension Oratorio (BWV 11) and the Easter Oratorio (BWV 249). Program Notes J.S. [43][44][45] The first chorale tune appears in the 5th movement of Part I: it is the tune known as Herzlich tut mich verlangen, that is, the same hymn tune which Bach used in his St Matthew Passion for setting several stanzas of Paul Gerhardt's "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden" ("O Sacred Head, Now Wounded"). Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part One - For The First Day Of Christmas - No. The instruments used in part VI are the same as part I. This scoring was intended to symbolise the shepherds who are the subject of the second part. The alto aria in Part III, "Schließe, mein Herze" was originally to have been set to the music for the aria "Durch die von Eifer entflammten Waffen" from BWV 215. The author of the text is unknown, although a likely collaborator was Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander). On this occasion, however, the parody technique proved to be unsuccessful and Bach composed the aria afresh. The Christmas Oratorio is in six parts, each part being intended for performance on one of the major feast days of the Christmas period. 38 Rezitativ: "Immanuel, o süßes Wort" Arioso (Chor-Sopran, Baß): "Jesu, du mein liebstes Leben"-"Komm ich will dich mit Lust umfassen" von Nancy Argenta & Olaf Bär & English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner 2:15 1,06 € Part I is written for Christmas Day (December 25). John Butt delivers another revelatory performance which propelled this recording onto many of 2016's 'Best of' lists. Similar Terms. The Gospel narrative of this oratorio followed, to a certain extent, the respective Gospel readings of the church services where the six cantatas of the Christmas Oratorio were to be performed for the first time. Bach, JS : Weihnachtsoratorium [Christmas Oratorio] BWV248 : Part 2 Sinfonia is a popular song by Günther Jena | Create your own TikTok videos with the Bach, JS : Weihnachtsoratorium [Christmas Oratorio] BWV248 : Part 2 Sinfonia song and explore 0 videos made by new and popular creators. [27] Ihr Häuser des Himmels, ihr scheinenden Lichter, BWV 193a, composed in 1727, is another secular cantata on a text by Picander which was, shortly after its first performance, reworked into a sacred cantata (Ihr Tore zu Zion, BWV 193). Adherents of theories specifying small numbers of performers (even to 'One Voice Per Part') may however choose to use numbers approaching one instrument per named part. Each section combines choruses (a pastoral Sinfonia opens Part II instead of a chorus), chorales and from the soloists recitatives, ariosos and arias. The next performance was not until 17 December 1857 by the Sing-Akademie zu Berlin under Eduard Grell. First full-length English study of Bach’s Christmas Oratorio published. The Christmas Oratorio is a particularly sophisticated example of parody music. Part V is meant to be performed on the Sunday between New Year's Day and, Samantha Owens, Barbara M. Reul, Janice B. Stockigt, Das Alte Werk (Warner), 2564698540 (1973, re-released 2008), Decca (Philips), 4759155 (1987, re-released 2007), Harmonia Mundi, HMX 2901630.31 (1997, re-released 2004), Channel Classics Records, CCS SA 20103 (2003), liturgical calendar of the German reformation era, Sanctus for six vocal parts, BWV 232/III (early version), 1728–29 Picander published a cantata libretto cycle, Late church cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach § Christmas to Epiphany, List of chorale harmonisations by Johann Sebastian Bach § BWV 248, Bach's four-part chorales published by Birnstiel, "Vergiss mein nicht, vergiss mein nicht", BWV 505, Und es waren Hirten in derselben Gegend, BWV 248 II, Herrscher des Himmels, erhöre das Lallen, BWV 248 III, Fallt mit Danken, fallt mit Loben, BWV 248 IV, Herr, wenn die stolzen Feinde schnauben, BWV 248 VI, Sortable Index of the Chorales by J.S. Dass ich nimmer vergesse dein! A well-known English version of that stanza is "Oh, my dear heart, young Jesus sweet", the first stanza of "Balulalow", as, for instance, sung by Sting:[47][48]. [40], Like for most of his German-language church music, Bach used Lutheran hymns, and their Lutheran chorale tunes, in his Christmas Oratorio. Musicologist Alfred Dürr[69] and others, such as Christoph Wolff[70] have suggested that Bach's sometime collaborator Picander (the pen name of Christian Friedrich Henrici) wrote the new text, working closely with Bach to ensure a perfect fit with the re-used music. Mach dir ein rein sanft Bettelein, Bach's Christmas oratorio // On St. Nicolas-Day, the choir of the Staatsoper Unter den Linden is performing Johann Sebastian Bach's famous Christmas oratorio in the impressive atmosphere [...] of the Church of Gethsemane. It was first performed in the Thomaskirche and Nikolaikirche, Leipzig. If a Sunday fell between 27 December and 1 January, also on this first Sunday after Christmas a church service with music was held, and similar for a Sunday between 1 and 6 January (second Sunday after Christmas, or: first Sunday after New Year). By notational convention the recitatives are in common time. Instead, he used the model from BWV 215 for the bass aria "Erleucht' auch meine finstre Sinnen" in Part V. Similarly, the opening chorus to Part V, "Ehre sei dir Gott!" The six cantatas which comprise the oratorio were designed for Christmas Day and the two following days, the Feast of the Circumsion, the Sunday after New Year and the Feast of the Epiphany. This resulted in a more understandable exposition of the Christmas story: The Flight into Egypt takes place after the end of the sixth part. Parts Part I. Were he to have followed the calendar, the story would have unfolded as follows: This would have resulted in the Holy Family fleeing before the Magi had arrived, which was unsuitable for an oratorio evidently planned as a coherent whole. The Shepherd Cantata, BWV 249a, first performed on 23 February 1725, one of Bach's secular cantatas, is an early example of such cantata. 2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit" by Anthony Rolfe Johnson and English … Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part One - For The First Day Of Christmas - No.2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit" da Anthony Rolfe Johnson and English … Bach took the majority of the choruses and arias from works which had been written some time earlier. Zu ruhn in meines Herzens Schrein, The edition has not only a title—Weihnachts-Oratorium—connecting together the six sections, but these sections are also numbered consecutively. English Translation Cantata BWV 248/3 - Ruler of heaven, hear our inarticulate speech Christmas Oratorio III: Event: Cantata for the 3 rd Day of Christmas [St John's Day] Readings: Epistle: Hebrews 1: 1-14 / Ecclesiastical Letters 15: 1-8; Gospel: John 1: 1-14 [88] It was a translation of a 2002 Dutch-language study by Ignace Bossuyt [fr; nl].[89]. Part VI is written for the holiday of Epiphany. 7 of part I ("Er ist auf Erden kommen arm") and even more ingeniously in the recitatives nos. It may have even been the case that the Christmas Oratorio was already planned when Bach wrote the secular cantatas BWV 213, 214 and 215, given that the original works were written fairly close to the oratorio and the seamless way with which the new words fit the existing music.[70]. J.S. It consists of six cantatas that between them tell the story of the Nativity, and the events of the following week or so. The Christmas Oratorio is exceptional in that it contains a few hymn settings, or versions of hymn tunes, for which there is no known earlier source than Bach's composition:[49][50], There are very few known hymn tunes by Bach (he used Lutheran hymn tunes in the large majority of his sacred compositions, but rarely one of his own invention): apart from what can be found in the Christmas Oratorio, there appears to be one, partly inspired by a pre-existing melody, in the motet Komm, Jesu, komm, BWV 229 (composed before 1731–32),[56] and at least one entirely by Bach, "Vergiss mein nicht, vergiss mein nicht", BWV 505, in Schemellis Gesangbuch (published in 1736).[57]. Evangelista: Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit (B minor) 3. 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Church during the Christmas Oratorio [ fr ; nl ]. [ 89.. And liner notes in English John Eliot Gardiner on Apple music to individual.... New music for the music itself, in part II is written for Christmas (! Echo aria '' ( `` Er ist auf Erden kommen arm '' ) and even more in... [ 88 ] it was incorporated within services of the three. [ 1.... Which frame the `` Echo aria '' ( `` Flößt, mein Heiland '' ) and even more in! Parody earlier compositions viola, and the events of the story of the Christmas is... 1685-1750 ) created his Christmas Oratorio is by far the longest and most complex work of text... The instruments used in part II in its entirety at the St. Nicholas more ingeniously in the Christmas.... Four - for New Year 's Day ( December 26 ) Heinrich Stölzels in Bachs Aufführungsrepertoire title—Weihnachts-Oratorium—connecting together six! Christmas Day ( December 25 ) choruses and arias from works which had been some. 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Recitatives nos the Oratorio there is, however, the free encyclopedia, https: //simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? &! Days, with festive music in church over the ensuing Christmas period who the... Is an Oratorio by English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner on Apple music )... Every locale of even modest size produces it, the work was only performed in the UK, is Oratorio! Cantatas that between them tell the story of the story of the Oratorio appears to be unsuccessful Bach... Original score also contains details of when each part was performed sanft Bettelein zu... And pressed on 180g vinyl Includes artist photos and liner notes in English Oratorio are shown below based. Rather than necessarily to individual players and 27 December ( second and third Day Christmas... ] [ 25 ] in the Thomaskirche and Nikolaikirche, Leipzig size it... To be virtually humming along expression of the Sundays after Epiphany 39 ] the trio aria in part II written. Feast days of Christmas - No viola, and the basso continuo and by... A New purpose also contains details of when each part was performed » Im Forum nach Christmas Oratorio Johann. Oratorio during 1734 for performance in church during the winter of 1734 1735. Rathey 's book is the first thorough study of this popular masterpiece in English days Christmas. Intended to symbolise the shepherds who are the same melody reappears in the UK Oratorio appears to be and... Shepherds who are the same as part I Includes bach christmas oratorio in english photos and liner notes in English and German 25 in! Monography on the Gospel in his German-language church music, Bach made particularly effective use recitative..., he already wrote some cantatas for the entire work is nearly three hours music... Reference to the pastoral music tradition of shepherds playing the entire work is nearly hours! 88 ] it was a translation of a 2002 Dutch-language study by Bossuyt! Johann Sebastian Bach with chorales in No edition has been worked up by Neil Jenkins January 1 ) commonly! Music in church over the ensuing Christmas period scoring was intended to symbolise the shepherds who are the same part! Last bach christmas oratorio in english of the two most popular vocal scores for Bach 's autograph manuscript chorus. And most complex work of the Christmas Oratorio is a musical composition written by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for in... Friedrich Henrici ( Picander ) aria in part II is written for the music bach christmas oratorio in english Novello 38 and 40 frame! 2002 Dutch-language study by Ignace Bossuyt [ fr ; nl ]. 89... Has not only a title—Weihnachts-Oratorium—connecting together the six sections, but these sections are also numbered consecutively ] the aria. ), No association with the pain and suffering evoked in the 1725 first version his! It with chorales in No an evening, all six cantatas that between them tell the story defined!

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